Thursday, 5 November 2015


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ACCT-505 Week 1 Case Study

Top Switch Inc. designs and manufactures switches used in telecommunications. Serious flooding throughout the state of Tennessee affected Top Switch’s facilities. Inventory was completely ruined, and the company’s computer system, including all accounting records, was destroyed. 

Before the unfortunate incident, recovery specialists cleaned the buildings. The company controller is very nervous and anxious to recover whatever records he can to support the insurance claim for the destroyed inventory. After consulting with the cost accountant, they decide to retrieve the previous year’s annual report for the beginning inventory numbers. In addition, they also agreed that they need first quarter cost data.

The cost accountant was working on the first quarter results before the storm hit, and to his surprise, the report was still in his desk drawer. After reviewing the data , the information shows the following information: Material purchases were $ 325,000; Direct Labor was $ 220,000. Further discussions between the controller and the cost accountant revealed that sales were $ 1,350,000 and the gross margin was 30% of sales. The cost accountant also discovered, while sifting through the information, that cost of goods available for sale was $ 1,020,000 at cost. While assessing the damage, the controller determined that the prime costs were $ 545,000 up to the time of the damage and that manufacturing overhead is 65% of conversion cost. The cost accountant is not sure about all of this, but he decides to see what he can do with the information. 

The beginning inventory numbers are as follows:
Raw Materials, $ 41,000
Work in Process, $ 56,000
Finished Goods, $ 35,000

Determine the amount of cost in the Raw Materials, Work in Process, and Finished Goods Inventory as of the date of the storm. ( Hint: You may wish to reconstruct the various schedules and statements that would have been affected by the company’s accounts during the period.)
Grading Rubric for Case Study I:
Documentation &
Worksheet will be done in Excel and will contain formulas to receive maximum credit
Organization and Cohesiveness
Calculations for all parts should be organized and correctly labeled.
A quality case study will have all required work completed and will be correct.
A quality project will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

ACCT-505 Week 2 Quiz Job Order and Process Costing Systems

Question :
(TCO F) For which situation(s) below would an organization be more likely to use a job-order costing system of accumulating product costs rather than a process costing system?
Question :
(TCO F) Process costing would be appropriate for each of the following except:
Question :
(TCO F) Lucas Company uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. The company adds materials at the beginning of the process in the Forming Department, which is the first of two stages in its production process. Information concerning operations in the Forming Department in October follows:
Material Cost
Work in process on October 1
Units started in October
Units completed and transferred to next Department during October

What was the materials cost of work in process at on October 31?
Question :
(TCO F) In a job-order costing system, the use of direct materials that have been previously purchased is recorded as a debit to:
Question :
(TCO F) During December at Ingrim Corporation, $74,000 of raw materials were requisitioned from the storeroom for use in production. These raw materials included both direct and indirect materials. The indirect materials totaled $6,000. The journal entry to record the requisition from the storeroom would include a:
Question :
(TCO F) Valles Corporation had $22,000 of raw materials on hand on February 1. During the month, the company purchased an additional $75,000 of raw materials. The journal entry to record the purchase of raw materials would include a:
Question :
(TCO F) Whether a company uses process costing or job-order costing depends on its industry. A number of companies in different industries are listed below:

i. Brick manufacturer
ii. Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order
iii. Natural gas production company
iv. Dairy farm
v. Coal mining company
vi. Specialty coffee roaster (roasts small batches of specialty coffee beans)

For each company, indicate whether the company is most likely to use job-order costing or process costing.
i. Brick manufacturer Process Costing ii. Contract printer that produces posters, books, and pamphlets to order Job Order Costing iii. Natural gas production company Process Costing iv. Dairy farm Process Costing v. Coal mining company Process Costing vi. Specialty coffee roaster (roasts small batches of specialty coffee beans) Job Order Costing
Question :
(TCO F) Job 484 was recently completed. The following data have been recorded on its job cost sheet:
Direct materials
Direct labor hours
1,692 DLHs
Direct labor wage rate
$12 per DLHS
Number of units completed
3,600 units

The company applies manufacturing overhead on the basis of direct labor-hours. The predetermined overhead rate is $24 per direct labor-hour.

Compute the unit product cost that would appear on the job cost sheet for this job.
Question :
(TCO F) Miller Company manufactures a product for which materials are added at the beginning of the manufacturing process. A review of the company's inventory and cost records for the most recently completed year revealed the following information:
Work in process. Jan. 1 (80% complete with respect to conversion costs)
Units started into production
Costs added during the year:
Units completed during the year

The company uses the weighted-average cost method in its process costing system. The ending inventory is 50% complete with respect to conversion costs.


i. Compute the equivalent units of production and the cost per equivalent units for materials and for conversion costs.

ii. Determine the cost transferred to finished goods.

iii. Determine the amount of cost that should be assigned to the ending work in process inventory.
Question :
(TCO F) Weisinger Corporation has provided the following data for the month of January:
Raw materials
Work In process
Finished goods
Additional Information
Raw material purchases
Direct labor costs
Manufacturing overhead cost incurred
Indirect materials included in manufacturing overhead costs incurred
Manufacturing overhead cost applied to work in process

Prepare a Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold in good form.

ACCT-505 Week 3 Case Study II

Springfield Express is a luxury passenger carrier in Texas. All seats are first class, and the following data are available:
Number of seats per passenger train car
Average load factor (percentage of seats filled)
Average full passenger fare
Average variable cost per passenger
Fixed operating cost per month
What is the break-even point in passengers and revenues per month? What is the break-even point in number of passenger train cars per month? If Springfield Express raises its average passenger fare to $ 190, it is estimated that the average load factor will decrease to 60 percent. What will be the monthly break-even point in number of passenger cars? (Refer to original data.) Fuel cost is a significant variable cost to any railway. If crude oil increases by $ 20 per barrel, it is estimated that variable cost per passenger will rise to $ 90. What will be the new break-even point in passengers and in number of passenger train cars? Springfield Express has experienced an increase in variable cost per passenger to $ 85 and an increase in total fixed cost to $ 3,600,000. The company has decided to raise the average fare to $ 205. If the tax rate is 30 percent, how many passengers per month are needed to generate an after-tax profit of $ 750,000? (Use original data). Springfield Express is considering offering a discounted fare of $ 120, which the company believes would increase the load factor to 80 percent. Only the additional seats would be sold at the discounted fare. Additional monthly advertising cost would be $ 180,000. How much pre-tax income would the discounted fare provide Springfield Express if the company has 50 passenger train cars per day, 30 days per month? Springfield Express has an opportunity to obtain a new route that would be traveled 20 times per month. The company believes it can sell seats at $ 175 on the route, but the load factor would be only 60 percent. Fixed cost would increase by $ 250,000 per month for additional personnel, additional passenger train cars, maintenance, and so on. Variable cost per passenger would remain at $ 70. Should the company obtain the route? How many passenger train cars must Springfield Express operate to earn pre-tax income of $ 120,000 per month on this route? If the load factor could be increased to 75 percent, how many passenger train cars must be operated to earn pre-tax income of $ 120,000 per month on this route? What qualitative factors should be considered by Springfield Express in making its decision about acquiring this route?
Grading Rubric for Case Study II:
Documentation & Formatting
Case Study will be completed in Word or Excel and contain necessary formulas to receive maximum credit
Organization & Cohesiveness
Calculations for all parts should be organized and correctly labeled. In a quality case study, all questions should be addressed in a clear, concise manner.
Quality work will be free of any spelling, punctuation or grammatical errors. Sentences and paragraphs ( where appropriate) will be clear, concise and factually correct
A quality project will have all of the required work completed and will be correct.
A quality project will meet or exceed all of the above requirements.

ACCT-505 Week 4 Midterm Exam

Question :
(TCO A) Wages paid to an assembly line worker in a factory are a
Question :
(TCO A) A cost incurred in the past that is not relevant to any current decision is classified as a(n)
Question :
(TCO A) Depreciation of office buildings and office equipment is also known as
Question :
(TCO A) When the activity level is expected to increase within the relevant range, what effects would be anticipated with respect to each of the following?
Question :
(TCO F) Which of the following statements is true?
I. Overhead application may be made slowly as a job is worked on.
II. Overhead application may be made in a single application at the time of completion of the job.
III. Overhead application should be made to any job not completed at year end in order to properly value the work in process inventory.
Question :
(TCO F) A job-order cost system is employed in those situations where
Question :
(TCO F) The FIFO method only provides a major advantage over the weighted-average method in that
Question :
(TCO B) The contribution margin ratio always decreases when the
Question :
(TCO B) Which of the following would not affect the break-even point?
Question :
(TCO E) In an income statement prepared using the variable costing method, variable selling and administrative expenses would
Question :
(TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of Larop Corporation for the just-completed year:
Purchases of raw materials................................................
Direct labor.......................................................................
Manufacturing overhead....................................................
Administrative expenses....................................................
Selling expenses................................................................
Raw materials inventory, beginning.....................................
Raw materials inventory, ending.........................................
Work-in-process inventory, beginning.................................
Work-in-process inventory, ending.....................................
Finished goods inventory, beginning...................................
Finished goods inventory, ending.......................................
Required: Prepare a Schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured in the text box below.
Question :
(TCO F) The Illinois Company manufactures a product that goes through three processing departments. Information relating to activity in the first department during June is given below.
Percentage Completed
Units Materials Conversion
Work in process, June 1 150,000 75% 55%
Work in process, Jun 30 145,000 85% 75%
The department started 475,000 units into production during the month and transferred 480,000 completed units to the next department.
Required: Compute the equivalent units of production for the first department for June, assuming that the company uses the weighted-average method of accounting for units and costs.
Question :
(TCO B) A tile manufacturer has supplied the following data:
Boxes of tile produced and sold 625,000
Sales revenue $2,975,000
Variable manufacturing expense $1,720,000
Fixed manufacturing expense $790,000
Variable selling and admin expense $152,000
Fixed selling and admin expense $133,000
Net operating income $180,000
a. Calculate the company's unit contribution margin.
b. Calculate the company's unit contribution ratio.
c. If the company increases its unit sales volume by 5% without increasing its fixed expenses, what would the company's net operating income be?
Question :
(TCO E) Lehne Company, which has only one product, has provided the following data concerning its most recent month of operations:
Selling price
$ 125
Units in beginning inventory
Units sold
Units in ending inventory
Variable costs per unit:
Direct materials
$ 15
Direct labor
$ 50
Variable manufacturing overhead
$ 8
Variable selling and admin
$ 12
Fixed costs:
Fixed manufacturing overhead
$ 75,000
Fixed selling and admin
$ 20,000
The company produces the same number of units every month, although the sales in units vary from month to month. The company's variable costs per unit and total fixed costs have been constant from month to month.

a. What is the unit product cost for the month under variable costing?
b. What is the unit product cost for the month under absorption costing?
c. Prepare an income statement for the month using the variable costing method.
d. Prepare an income statement for the month using the absorption costing method.

ACCT-505 Week 5 Measuring Performance - Course Project A

Prepare a master budget for the three-month period ending June 30. Include the following detailed budgets:
· 1.
o a. A sales budget, by month and in total.
o b. A schedule of expected cash collections from sales, by month and in total.
o c. A merchandise purchases budget in units and in dollars. Show the budget by month and in total.
o d. A schedule of expected cash disbursements for merchandise purchases, by month and in total.
· 2. A cash budget. Show the budget by month and in total. Determine any borrowing that would be needed to maintain the minimum cash balance of $50,000.
· 3. A budgeted income statement for the three-month period ending June 30. Use the contribution approach.
· 4. A budgeted balance sheet as of June 30.

ACCT-505 Week 6 Quiz Segment Reporting and Relevant Costs for Decisions

Question :
(TCO D) Return on investment (ROI) is equal to the margin multiplied by
Question :
(TCO D) For which of the following decisions are opportunity costs relevant?
The decision to make or buy a needed part
The desision to keep or drop a product line
Question :
(TCO D) Last year, the House of Orange had sales of $826,650, net operating income of $81,000, and operating assets of $84,000 at the beginning of the year and $90,000 at the end of the year. What was the company's turnover, rounded to the nearest tenth?
Question :
(TCO D) Data for December concerning Dinnocenzo Corporation's two major business segments-Fibers and Feedstocks-appear below:
Sales revenues, Fibers
Sales revenues, Feedstocks
Variable expenses, Fibers
Variable expenses, Feedstocks
Traceable fixed expenses, Fibers
Traceable fixed expenses, Feedstocks
Common fixed expenses totaled $314,000 and were allocated as follows: $129,000 to the Fibers business segment and $185,000 to the Feedstocks business segment.


Prepare a segmented income statement in the contribution format for the company. Omit percentages; show only dollar amounts.
Question :
(TCO D) Wryski Corporation had net operating income of $150,000 and average operating assets of $500,000. The company requires a return on investment of 19%. 


i. Calculate the company's current return on investment and residual income.

ii. The company is investigating an investment of $400,000 in a project that will generate annual net operating income of $78,000. What is the ROI of the project? What is the residual income of the project? Should the company invest in this project?
Question :
(TCO D) Tjelmeland Corporation is considering dropping product S85U. Data from the company's accounting system appear below.
Variable Expenses
Fixed Manufacturing Expenses
Fixed Selling and Administrative Expenses

All fixed expenses of the company are fully allocated to products in the company's accounting system. Further investigation has revealed that $55,000 of the fixed manufacturing expenses and $71,000 of the fixed selling and administrative expenses are avoidable if product S85U is discontinued.


i. According to the company's accounting system, what is the net operating income earned by product S85U? Show your work!

ii. What would be the effect on the company's overall net operating income of dropping product S85U? Should the product be dropped? Show your work!
Question :
(TCO D) Fouch Company makes 30,000 units per year of a part it uses in the products it manufactures. The unit product cost of this part is computed as follows.
Direct Materials
Direct Labor
Variable Manufacturing Overhead
Fixed Manufacturing Overhead
Unit Product Cost

An outside supplier has offered to sell the company all of these parts it needs for $51.90 a unit. If the company accepts this offer, the facilities now being used to make the part could be used to make more units of a product that is in high demand. The additional contribution margin on this other product would be $219,000 per year.

If the part were purchased from the outside supplier, all of the direct labor cost of the part would be avoided. However, $6.20 of the fixed manufacturing overhead cost being applied to the part would continue even if the part were purchased from the outside supplier. This fixed manufacturing overhead cost would be applied to the company's remaining products.


i. How much of the unit product cost of $52.30 is relevant in the decision of whether to make or buy the part?

ii. What is the net total dollar advantage (disadvantage) of purchasing the part rather than making it?

iii. What is the maximum amount the company should be willing to pay an outside supplier per unit for the part if the supplier commits to supplying all 30,000 units required each year?
Question :
(TCO D) Biello Co. manufactures and sells medals for winners of athletic and other events. Its manufacturing plant has the capacity to produce 15,000 medals each month; current monthly production is 14,250 medals. The company normally charges $115 per medal. Cost data for the current level of production are shown below.
Variable Costs
Direct Materials
Direct Labor
Selling and Administrative
Fixed Costs
Selling and Administrative

The company has just received a special one-time order for 600 medals at $102 each. For this particular order, no variable selling and administrative costs would be incurred. This order would also have no effect on fixed costs.


Should the company accept this special order? Why?

ACCT-505 Week 7 Capital Budgeting Course Project

Here is Part B:
Clark Paints: The production department has been investigating possible ways to trim total production costs. One possibility currently being examined is to make the paint cans instead of purchasing them. The equipment needed would cost $200,000 with a disposal value of $40,000 and would be able to produce 5,500,000 cans over the life of the machinery. The production department estimates that approximately 1,100,000 cans would be needed for each of the next five years.
The company would hire three new employees. These three individuals would be full-time employees working 2,000 hours per year and earning $12.00 per hour. They would also receive the same benefits as other production employees, 18% of wages in addition to $2,500 of health benefits.
It is estimated that the raw materials will cost 25¢ per can and that other variable costs would be 5¢ per can. Since there is currently unused space in the factory, no additional fixed costs would be incurred if this proposal is accepted.
It is expected that cans would cost 45¢ per can if purchased from the current supplier. The company's minimum rate of return (hurdle rate) has been determined to be 12% for all new projects, and the current tax rate of 35% is anticipated to remain unchanged. The pricing for a gallon of paint as well as number of units sold will not be affected by this decision. The unit-of-production depreciation method would be used if the new equipment is purchased.
1. Based on the above information and using Excel, calculate the following items for this proposed equipment purchase:
Annual cash flows over the expected life of the equipment Payback period Annual rate of return Net present value Internal rate of return
2. Would you recommend the acceptance of this proposal? Why or why not. Prepare a short double spaced Word paper elaborating and supporting your answer.

ACCT 505 Week 8 Final Exam

1. (TCO F) Bingham Corporation uses the weighted-average method in its process costing system. Data concerning the first processing department for the most recent month are listed below.

Work in process, beginning:
Units in beginning work-in-process inventory
Materials costs
Conversion costs
Percentage complete for materials
Percentage complete for conversion
Units started into production during the month
Units transferred to the next department during the month
Materials costs added during the month
Conversion costs added during the month
Ending work in process:
Units in ending work-in-process inventory
Percentage complete for materials
Percentage complete for conversion

Required: Calculate the equivalent units for materials (using the weighted-average method) for the month in the first processing department. (Points : 25)
2. (TCO G) (Ignore income taxes in this problem.) Five years ago, the City of Paranoya spent $30,000 to purchase a computerized radar system called W.A.S.T.E. (Watching Aliens Sent To Earth). Recently, a sales rep from W.A.S.T.E. Radar Company told the city manager about a new and improved radar system that can be purchased for $50,000. The rep also told the manager that the company would give the city $10,000 in trade on the old system. The new system will last 10 years. The old system will also last that long but only if a $4,000 upgrade is done in 5 years. The manager assembled the following information to use in the decision regarding which system is more desirable:
Old System
New System
Cost of radar system
Current salvage value
Salvage value in 10 years
Annual operating costs
Upgrade required in 5 years
Discount rate


(a) What is the City of Paranoya's net present value for the decision described above? Use the total cost approach.
(b) Should the City of Paranoya purchase the new system or keep the old system? (Points : 35)
3. (TCO B) Aziz Corporation produces and sells a single product. Data concerning that product appear below.
Selling price per unit
Variable expense per unit
Fixed expense per month

Determine the monthly break-even in either unit or total dollar sales. Show your work! (Points : 25)
1. (TCO C) NicSaybin Enterprises Accounting Department collects all pertinent monthly operating data. Selected data are presented below for the current month. From the data provided, please provide Saybin Enterprises Management with a flexible budget analysis to see how costs were controlled.
Actual Costs Incurred
Static Budget
Activity level (in units)
Variable Costs:
Indirect materials
Fixed Costs:
General and administrative
(Points : 30)
2. (TCO D) Lindon Company uses 4,500 units of Part X each year as a component in the assembly of one of its products. The company is presently producing Part X internally at a total cost of $69,000 as follows:
Direct materials
Direct labor
Variable manufacturing overhead
Fixed manufacturing overhead
Total costs

An outside supplier has offered to provide Part X at a price of $11 per unit. If Lindon stops producing the part internally, one third of the manufacturing overhead would be eliminated.

Required: Prepare a make-or-buy analysis showing the annual advantage or disadvantage of accepting the outside supplier's offer. (Points : 30)
3. (TCO E) Topple Company produces a single product. Operating data for the company and its absorption costing income statement for the last year is presented below:
Units in beginning inventory
Units produced
Units sold
Less cost of goods sold:
Beginning inventory
Add cost of goods manufactured
Goods available for sale
Less ending inventory
Cost of goods sold
Gross margin
Less selling and admin. expenses
Net operating income

Variable manufacturing costs are $4 per unit. Fixed factory overhead totals $18,000 for the year. This overhead was applied at a rate of $2 per unit. Variable selling and administrative expenses were $1 per unit sold. 

Required: Prepare a new income statement for the year using variable costing. Comment on the differences between the absorption costing and the variable costing income statements. (Points : 30)
. (TCO A) The following data (in thousands of dollars) have been taken from the accounting records of the Maroon Corporation for the just-completed year.
Raw materials inventory, beginning
Raw materials inventory, ending
Purchases of raw materials
Direct labor
Manufacturing overhead
Administrative expenses
Selling expenses
Work-in-process inventory, beginning
Work-in-process inventory, ending
Finished goods inventory, beginning
Finished goods inventory, ending
Use the above data to prepare (in thousands of dollars) a schedule of Cost of Goods Manufactured and a Schedule of Cost of Goods Sold for the year. In addition, what is the impact on the financial statements if the ending finished goods inventory is overstated or understated? (Points : 25)
1. (TCO F) Willow Creek Corporation bases its predetermined overhead rate on the estimated labor hours for the upcoming year. At the beginning of the most recently completed year, the company estimated the labor hours for the upcoming year at 38,500 labor hours. The estimated variable manufacturing overhead was $7.37 per labor hour and the estimated total fixed manufacturing overhead was $601,328. The actual labor hours for the year turned out to be 41,721 labor hours.

Compute the company's predetermined overhead rate for the recently completed year. (Points : 25)
2. (TCO F) Matuseski Corporation is preparing its cash budget for October. The budgeted beginning cash balance is $17,000. Budgeted cash receipts total $187,000 and budgeted cash disbursements total $177,000. The desired ending cash balance is $40,000. The company can borrow up to $120,000 at any time from a local bank, with interest not due until the following month. 

Prepare the company's cash budget for October in good form. (Points : 25)

ACCT-505 All Weeks Discussions

w1 dq1 Cost Terms, Classifications, and Behavior
w1 dq2 Research and Application
w2 dq1 Job Order and Process Costing Systems
w2 dq2 Research and Application
w3 dq1 Variable Costing and CVP Concepts
w3 dq2 Research and Application
w4 dq1 Budgeting Case Study
w4 dq2 Exam Review
w5 dq1 Standards, Variances, Flexible Budgets
w5 dq2 Research and Application
w6 dq1 Segment Reporting and Relevant Costs
w6 dq2 Research and Application
w7 dq1 Capital Budgeting
w7 dq2 Exam Review

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